New Zealand Election Study
Election Studies Analysis Research Contacts

NZES Bibliography

If you have published with NZES data we would like to hear from you. Please send an email to Jeffrey Karp at jeffrey.a.karp[at] and we will add your publication to this list.

Aminnaseri, A, I.M. Reci, 2015.The Economic Bias of the Turnout and a Theory of Economic Inequality under Different Electoral Rules: The Case of New Zealand.

Bowler,Shaun, Todd Donovan and Jeffrey A. Karp. 2006. "Why Politicians Like Electoral Institutions: Self-interest, Values, or Ideology?" in Journal of Politics. Volume 68, No. 2. 434-446.

Bowler, S., D Denemark, T. Donovan, D. Mcdonnell, 2017. Right Wing Populist Party Supporters: Dissatisfied but not Direct Democrats European Journal of Political Research, 56, 1, 70-91.

Bowler, Shaun, Jeffrey A. Karp, and Todd Donovan 2010. "Strategic Coalition Voting: Evidence from New Zealand" in Electoral Studies. Volume 29, No. 3. 350-357.

Charlwood, A, P. Haynes, 2008. "Union Membership Decline in New Zealand, 1990-2002"Journal of Industrial Relations 50, 2, 87.110.

Coffe, H., 2013 "Gender and Party Choice at the 2011 New Zealand General Election"Political Science, 65, 1, 25-45

Cotterell, G., and M. von Randow, 2016. From Expectational to Aspirational Citizenship? The Changing Attitudes of the Working and Middle Classes in Aotearoa/New Zealand 1990-2014New Zealand Sociology 31, 7, 115-131.

Crampton, Eric, Political Ignorance and Policy Preference (March 3, 2009). Available at SSRN: or

Crothers, C., 2014. "Social class in New Zealand: A Review Based on Survey Evidence" New Zealand Sociology 29, 3, 90-127.

Crothers, C., 2016. Has the Tide Embedding Neoliberalism Turned?: An Update of Recent New Zealand Opinion Studies"New Zealand Sociology, 31, 1, 190-200.

Donovan, Todd and Jeffrey A. Karp. 2006. "Popular Support for Direct Democracy" in Party Politics. Volume 12, No. 5. 671-688.

Donovan, T., D. Redlawsk, C. Tolbert, 2016."The Right-Wing Populist Appeal of Donald Trump in Comparative Perspective"Paper presented at the Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties conference, University of Kent.

Dunn, K., 2015. Voice, Representation and Trust in Parliament Acta Politica, 50, 2, 171-192.

Esaiasson, P., 2010. Electoral Losers Revisited-How citizens React to Defeat at the Ballot Box Electoral Studies 30, 1, 102-113.

Fitzgerald, Eljon, Brendan Stephenson, Jacob Tapiata 2007. Māori Electoral Participation

A Report Produced for the Electoral Commission. Wellington, Electoral Commission.

Gardener, L.T. 2017.The Economic Vote in New Zealand. An analysis of how macroeconomic conditions and perceptions of the economy affect voter behaviour MA Thesis, University of Otago.

Gibbons, Matthew, 2010. "Income and Occupational Intergenerational Mobility in New Zealand New Zealand" Treasury Working Paper 10/06. Wellington, New Zealand Treasury.

Gibson, J. B Kim, S. Stillman, 2013. Time to vote? Public Choice 156, 3-4, 517-536

Gidengil, E., J Everitt, S Banducci, 2009. Do Voters Stereotype Female Party Leaders? Evidence from Canada and New Zealand In ed. Sylvia Bashevkin Opening Doors Wider: Women's Political Engagement in Canada. Vancouver, UBC Press.

Humpage, L., 2008. Radical change or more of the same? Public attitudes towards social citizenship in New Zealand since neoliberal reform Australian Journal of Social Issues 43, 2, 215-230.

Humpage, 2011. Neo-liberal reform and attitudes towards social citizenship: a review of New Zealand public opinion data 1987-2005 Social policy journal of New Zealand, 37

Humpage, L., 2011. Changing policy, changing attitudes? Public opinion on employment relations in New Zealand, 1990–2008 Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences, 6, 1-2. 

2014. Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship: Does neoliberalism matter?  Bristol, Policy Press.

Humpage, L. 2016. "A Common Sense of the Times'? Neo liberalism and Changing Public Opinion in New Zealand and the UK" Social Policy & Administration

Humpage, L., 2012.Intersections between indigenous politics and social citizenship: A CAse Study of Maori in New Zealand.Paper presented at the Canadian political science Association Conference, 13-15 June 2012.

Humpage, L., 2012.Understanding Maori and Pasifika attitudes towards employment and the unemployed New Zealand Sociology, 27, 2, 29-53.

Humpage, L., 2015. The'grit'beneath neoliberalism's wheels: Harnessing ambivalence in public opinion to galvanise social citizenship New Zealand Sociology, 30, 2, 87-101.

Humpage, L., s. Ballie, 2016. Workfare: conditioning the attitudes of benefit recipients towards social security? Journal of International and Comparative Social Policy, 32, 1.

Iustini, L and Crothers, C. 2013. Turnout and voting choices at general elections of Pacific peoples in New Zealand Political Science 65, 2, 157-177.

Iustini, L., 2013 The political engagement of Pacific peoples in New Zealand MA thesis, AUT University.

Johnston, R., 2012. The Class Basis of Canadian Elections Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association. 

Jou, W., 2010. The impact of supporters' ideological preferences on parties' coalition choices: Evidence from New Zealand and Japan Political Science 62, 2, 166-188.

Jou, W., 2013. Public opinion and electoral system preference in New Zealand: a longitudinal study Commonwealth & Comparative Politics 51, 4, 524-528.

Jou, W., 2015. Influences on Citizens' Electoral System Preferences: A Comparative Study of Britain and New Zealand Parliamentary Affairs, 69, 3, 621-641.

Karp, Jeffrey A., Susan A. Banducci and Shaun Bowler. 2008. "Getting Out the Vote: Party Mobilization in a Comparative Perspective" British Journal of Political Science. Volume 38, No. 1. 91-112.

Karp, Jeffrey A. 2006. "Political Knowledge about Electoral Rules: Comparing Mixed Member Proportional Systems in Germany and New Zealand" Electoral Studies. Volume 25, No. 4. 714-730.

Karp, Jeffrey A. 2009. "Candidate Effects and Spill-Over in Mixed Systems: Evidence From New Zealand" in Electoral Studies. Volume 28, No. 1. 41-50.

Johnston,R., and Vowles, J.,  2006 ‘Strategic Learning in Campaigns With Proportional Representation: Evidence From New Zealand’, in Henry E. Brady and Richard Johnston, ed. Capturing Campaign Effects. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 280-306.

Kenny, John, 2018. Environmental protection preferences under strain: an analysis of the impact of changing individual perceptions of economic and financial conditions on environmental public opinion during economic crisis, Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties 28, 1, 105-124.

King-Hele,Sarah A. 2010. The Dynamics of Religious Change: A comparative study of five western countries. Ph D Thesis, University of Manchester.

Kittilson, Miki C. and Schwindt-Bayer, Leslie, From Westminster System to Proportional Representation: The Dynamics of the Gender Gap in Political Involvement in New Zealand (2011). APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN:

Littvay, L. 2009. Questionnaire design considerations with planned missing data Review of Psychology 6, 2, 102-114.

Lamare, JR, Lamare JW, 2015. Electoral reform, situational forces, and political confidence: Results from a multi-wave panel Electoral Studies 40, 361-371.

Matthews, John Scott Partisan Bias, Economic Perception, and the Campaign Paper prepared for the Canadian Political Science Association Annual Meetings, June 1  to 3, 2006, Toronto, Ontario.

Matthews, John Scott and Richard Johnston, 2010. The campaign dynamics of economic voting Electoral Studies 29, 1, 13-24

Mederos, M., A. Noel, 2014. The forgotten side of partisanship: negative party identification in four Anglo-American democracies Comparative Political Studies

Miller, G., 2007. Why Small Parties Fail: a Case Study of Act New Zealand Political Science 59, 2, 79-95

Miller, Raymond, and Jack Vowles, 2009. ‘Public Attitudes Toward MMP and Coalition Government’, New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law, 7, 1, 93-110.

O'Brien, T., 2013. Leaving the minors: The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand and the 2011 General Election Representation, 49, 1.

Park, S.J., 2007. Political participation of" Asian" New Zealanders: a case study of ethnic Chinese and Korean New Zealanders. PhD Thesis, University of Auckland.

Plescia, C., 2017. On the mismeasurement of sincere and strategic voting in mixed-member electoral systems Electoral Studies 48, 19-29.

Qvortrup, Matt 2008 Citizen Initiated Referendums (CIRS) in New Zealand: A Comparative Appraisal, Representation, 44:1, 69-78,

Raymond, CD. 2017. "Religious voters and the religious-secular cleavage since 1990"Political Science

Riambau-Armet, G. 2013. Three essays on strategic political behavior in proportional representation systems  PhD thesis, Bostin University.

Sheppard, J., 2014. The Effects of Online Activity on Democratic Satisfaction: Evidence from the Westminster Democracies Paper presented at the Australian Political Studies Association Annual conference, University of Sydney.

Singh, S.P. 2012. Where Do Parties Live? Electoral Institutions, Party Incentives, and the Dimensionality of Politics Social Science Quarterly 93, 4, 950-967.

Vowles, J., 2010. ‘Electoral System Change, Generations, Competitiveness and Turnout in New Zealand, 1963-2005’, British Journal of Political Science, 40, 4, 875-895.

Vowles, Jack, 2010, "Making a Difference? Public Perceptions of Coalition, Single-Party, and Minority Governments", Electoral Studies 29, 3, 370-380.

Vowles, Jack, Susan A. Banducci and Jeffrey A. Karp. 2006. "Forecasting and Evaluating the Consequences of Electoral Change in New Zealand" in Acta Politica. Volume 41, No. 3. 267-284.

Vowles, Jack, 2011,"Why Voters Prefer Coalitions: Rationality or Norms", Political Science 63, 126-145.

Vowles, Jack and Clive Bean, "Electoral Politics: Does Globalisation Matter", Australian Journal of Political Science 40, 2, 2006, special issue, ‘Globalising the Antipodes, pp. 273-288.

Vowles, Jack, 2009. "The 2008 Election: Why National Won", in Raymond Miller, ed., New Zealand Government and Politics, 5th edition, Melbourne, Oxford University Press, 365-382.

Vowles, Jack, 2008. "The Genie in the Bottle: Is New Zealand's MMP System Here to Stay", in Mark Frances and Jim Tully, ed., In the Public Interest: Essays in Honour of Professor Keith Jackson. Christchurch, University of Canterbury Press, 105-125.

Williams, BD, Indridason, I, 2017. Luck of the Draw? Private Members' Bills and the Electoral Connection Political Science Research and Methods, advance online publication.

Wilson, E., & O.Neill, B., 2008. The Realities of Electoral Reform: Voter Behaviour Before and After Electoral Reform in New Zealand Paper prepared for delivery at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association Meetings, University of British Columbia, Vancouver , 4-6 June.

Vowles, Jack, "Voting", in Raymond Miller, ed., New Zealand Government and Politics, 4th. ed, Melbourne, Oxford University Press, 2006, 315-326.

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